If you are under 40, chances are you may not be thinking about colorectal cancer.
However, a recent study by the American Cancer Society says the death rate for colorectal cancer among adults ages 20 to 54 has been increasing every year since the mid-2000s.
While the five-year survival rate for colorectal cancer when it’s diagnosed at an early stage is 90 percent, diagnosis among younger people is often delayed.
Risk factors and preventive care
So when should you schedule your first colonoscopy?
Dr. Eugene Choi, surgical oncologist with Baylor College of Medicine, says those with a family history of colon cancer diagnosed under the age of 60 should undergo their first colonoscopy beginning at age 40 or 10 years before their family member was diagnosed.
“The bottom line is that the colonoscopy is the most effective screening, along with regular physician visits,” he said. “For those without risk factors, it’s recommended that colonoscopies begin at age 50. For African-Americans, screening should begin at age 45.”
Other risk factors that can increase your chances of colorectal cancer are:
- History of colorectal polyps
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Inherited syndromes
- Low-fiber, high-fat diet
Changes in bowel movements such as prolonged constipation, diarrhea, or narrowing of the stool are common symptoms of colorectal cancer.
Treating colon and rectal cancers
Treating colorectal cancer often requires a combination of chemotherapy and surgery, Choi says.
“Once the diagnosis is made, we will check for spread of the disease (metastasis). If the imaging test is positive for metastatic disease, we will treat them with chemotherapy. If it’s negative, we will proceed with surgery.”
Choi notes that it’s important to differentiate between colon and rectal cancers.
“Patients with colorectal cancer may have surgery laparoscopically, robotically or with an open approach. The minimally invasive approach may decrease blood loss, allow shorter recovery time, and results in fewer wound complications.”
One of the primary concerns after surgery is pain management. Choi says patients may often experience less need for pain medication after laparoscopic or robotic procedures.
“The immediate post-operative period is mostly making sure there aren’t complications related to surgery. After 30 days, the medical oncologist will determine whether they will need additional screenings or chemotherapy.”
“It’s always important that patients follow up after a procedure. This way we can ensure they get the most optimal treatment for the disease.”
Learn more about the Colorectal Cancer Program at Baylor.
-By Nicole Blanton